One of the United States’ very common sexually transmitted diseases is Chlamydia. Since it is mostly asymptomatic, the infection gets passed to other partners as the infected person does not know that he or she is infected.
Being infected with Chlamydia would not be easy to say as it is mostly asymptomatic. If symptoms do happen it will only be noticed after a week or three weeks following infection and they may include:
Symptoms in women
- Pain during urination
- Odorous with abnormal amounts of vaginal discharges
- Burning or itching around or in the vagina
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Fever with abdominal pain
- Painful cramps during menstruation
Symptoms in Men
- Swelling and pain around the testicles
- Cloudy or clear discharges from the penis’ tip
- Itching and burning surrounding the penis’ opening
- Pain during urination
Your doctor will use different tests to diagnose a Chlamydia infection. A swab will be used to take a sample from the cervix in women or urethra in men which will then be sent to be analyzed in the laboratory. Urine samples to see the presence of the Chlamydia bacteria can also be another form of test.
If tests are positive for Chlamydia oral antibiotics such as azithromycin or doxycycline will be prescribed by your doctor. He or she will also advise that the way to stop or contain re-infection is for your partner(s) to submit to an STD test and treatment.
The infection usually clears up after a week or two of treatment. Even if you feel better, the antibiotic therapy that was prescribed should be completed in order to eliminate Chlamydia from your system.
Severe infections of Chlamydia that usually occurs in women would need hospitalization. The treatment that will be done while confined in the hospital will be a combination of medicines for pain and antibiotics given intravenously.
Infected people must be re-tested after the prescribed antibiotic treatment has been consumed. This is to ensure that the infection has been cured. This is very important especially when you are not sure if your partner(s) underwent testing and treatment. The best way to avoid re-infection is to refrain from any sexual activity until you are sure that you and your partner are free of the disease.
Here are ways to remove the risk of being infected by Chlamydia:
- Avoid sex and see your doctor if you feel that you have contracted Chlamydia.
- Practice safe sex by using condoms every single time you have a sexual activity.
- Practice abstinence from sex, or only have sexual relations with one uninfected partner.
- Learn not to use multiple partners.
Discharges, an unusual rash or sore, or pain during urination should always be a signal to stop all sexual activity and to see your doctor as soon as possible. You have the responsibility of informing your partner(s) if you are tested positive for a Chlamydia infection. This will give them a chance to submit to a test and treatment.